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  • John C. Whitbeck, Jr.


    John C. Whitbeck, Jr. practices in the following areas of law: Family Law, Divorce, Child Custody, Child Support, Visitation Rights, Adoptions, Spousal Support, Mediation, Arbitration, Relocation Cases, Domestic Violence, Criminal Law, DUI/DWI, Reckless Driving, All Felonies, All Misdemeanors, Juvenile Crimes, Mental Health Law, Civil and Business Litigation, Construction Litigation, Education Law, Election Law, Debt Collection, Consumer and Lemon Law.

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  • Ruth M. McElroy


    Ruth M. McElroy practices in the following areas of law: Family law, Divorce, Child Custody, Child Support, Visitation Rights, Adoptions, Spousal Support, Relocation Cases, Pre and Post Marital Agreements, Domestic Violence, Reckless Driving, DUI/DWI, Juvenile Crimes, Felony and Misdemeanor Crimes, Traffic Offenses, Debt Collection, Civil and Business Litigation. She serves the Virginia Court system as a Guardian ad litem.

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  • Jennifer D. Cisneros


    Jennifer D. Cisneros practices in the following areas of law: Family law, Divorce, Child Custody, Child Support, Visitation Rights, Adoptions, Spousal Support, Relocation Cases, Domestic Violence, Juvenile Crimes, Reckless Driving, DUI/DWI, Estate Planning, Wills and Probate, Trusts, Civil and Business Litigation and Debt Collection.

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What to Know About Adopting Your Stepchild in Virginia


Stepparent adoptions are where a stepparent wants to adopt their new spouse’s child, while the spouse maintains his or her legal rights. Stepparent adoptions can involve minor children, but they can also involve children who have already turned 18.

Differentiating Between Adult, Second Parent, and Stepparent Adoptions

Depending on the circumstances, a stepparent adoption may also be a second parent or adult adoption. These are defined as:

  • If you are married and you want to adopt your spouse’s minor child, it’s a stepparent adoption.
  • A second parent adoption applies if you and your partner are not legally married, but you want to adopt their child so you will be a legal parent as well.
  • If the stepchild is 18 years of age or older, it’s an adult adoption.

Reasons People Adopt their Stepchildren in Virginia

There are a number of reasons a parent may want to adopt their stepchildren. These include:

  • The stepchild can reap the benefits of your insurance and Social Security
  • They will be eligible to inherit from you
  • It allows you to make important medical decisions for another person
  • Provides you the ability to access medical records during an emergency
  • You will be granted equal rights
  • Can strengthen emotional bonds with your stepchild

Stepchild Adoption Process

The Virginia Code §63.2-1241 mandates that you must first file a petition in the circuit court for the county where the other birth parent and spouse live, or the county where your stepchild lives. The petition will be a joint filing with your spouse because you need your spouse (the biological parent’s) verified approval.

The ease of the process will depend on the ease of obtaining consent from the non-custodial biological parent, unless their rights have already been terminated. Once the paperwork is filed and the consent obtained, the court will set a finalization hearing, and the judge will grant official parental rights.

If the parent objects, then it goes from a simple adoption to a contested one. The court will need to set an evidentiary hearing. All parties will offer evidence and testimony on why the adoption is or is not in the best interests of the child.

Once the process is completed, you can file for a new birth certificate that lists you as the parent and/or a name change, if so desired.

Abandonment Law in Virginia

Virginia has an abandonment law that states that if the identity of the birth parent is known and there is clear and convincing evidence that this person did not have any contact with the child for at least six months prior to filing the petition, the judge may terminate their rights. You still have to give notice to the abandonee parent and give them an opportunity to be heard at the hearing. This also applies if the abandonee’s parents’ whereabouts are unknown.

Retaining a Virginia Family Law Attorney

If you have questions about stepparent adoptions or need assistance with other family law matters, it’s recommended to speak with a skilled Virginia family law attorney. Contact the team of Whitbeck Cisneros McElroy PC at 703-997-4982 today, and let one of our knowledgeable team members help resolve your current legal needs.

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